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"Known for its small bird sanctuary, Mangalavanam mangroves is situated in the Ernakulam District of Kerala State."

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

The sanctuary is a favourite haunt of local varieties such as waterfowls, cuckoos and owls, as well as the migratory Siberian Cranes can be viewed here.

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
Facts & Figure
Temperature Range : 36 C to 18 C
Best time to Visit : Mid January to Mid March

About Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
Mangalavanam mangroves is situated in the Ernakulam District of Kerala State. Bharath Petroleum Company borders the northern and eastern portion of the area, South by Emakulam Railway goods station, West by Salim Ali Road 16 and Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. This small mangrove area comprising of a shallow tidal lake in the centre with its edges covered with thick mangrove vegetation, the lake here is connected with backwaters by a canal. Mangalavanam gained importance because of the mangrove vegetation and also due to the congregation of communally breeding birds.

Mangalavanam is a popular bird sanctuary frequented by tourists, bird lovers, ornithologists as well as locals. It is located in the heart of the Eranakulam region of Kerala, adjoining the backwaters and the Arabian Sea. The area happens to a roosting place for exotic varieties of resident and migratory birds. Mangalavanam, infact, is a mangrove area consisting of a shallow lake in the middle, with its edges covered with thick mangrove vegetation.

The Bird Sanctuary of Mangalavanam plays a significant role in balancing the ecology of Kochi. The mangroves of the sanctuary keeps a check on the air pollution of the city, thus it is also called as the 'green lung of Kochi'. Mangalavanam bird Sanctuary is surrounded by the backwater and the sea.

Apart from these, it is considered a 'green lung' of Ernakularn City, which is polluted by many industries and motor vehicles. A timber yard was located in the area in the yester years, exporting timber to various countries.

At present, no such activity is being carried out. The guesthouse was renovated in the year 1986 and regular staff was appointed to protect the birds. Exotic species like Eucalyptus and teak was planted in the area in previous years. 41 species of birds were recorded in Mangalavanam mangroves representing 25 families.

The most common bird species found at Mangalavanarn were Little Cormorant and Black-crowned Night Heron. Highest species richness of birds was found in the months of May and July. House Crow is however the villain here, the main predator of the eggs and nestlings of other bird species.

Birds In Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
The sanctuary is home to a number of bird species. Both the residents and migratory birds are found in this sanctuary. The most common bird species found at sanctuary are Little Cormorant and Black-crowned Night Heron. Highest species richness of birds is found in the months of May and July. House Crow is however the villain here, the main predator of the eggs and nestlings of other bird species.

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